高考英语听力:高考英语听力真题精讲 巧妙推断言外之意

2011-05-05 14:18:48 听力事实信息

交大附中高级教师 尹才林

■题型介绍

上海市考试院这样评价上海市高考听力题:听力注重考查获取口头信息的能力。听力测试不仅要求听懂和获取各种交际语境中的事实信息,还要求根据事实信息推断说话人想要表达的隐含意思。

高考听力理解题测试目标归纳起来有三个方面:事实信息(具体细节)、隐含意义和主旨大意(中心思想)。

事实信息题的表现形式为:

What does theman want?

Who was at the door?

When will the meeting beheld?

All of the following are trueexcept____________。

According to the passage,who/what/which/when/where/how often

…?

According to the passage,which of the following is true?

According to the passage,which of the following is not true?

According to the passage,which of the following is notmen-tioned?

…等等

隐含意义题的表现形式为:

What does the womanmean?

What does the man implyabout…?

It can be inferred from thetext that…

From the textwe know that…

What can be inferred aboutthe two speakers?

The story implies that…

The paragraph following thepassage willmost probably be…

Itmay be concluded from thepassage that…

What’s the possible relation-ship between the two speakers?

…等等

主旨大意题的表现形式为:

What is the passage mainlyabout?

The main idea of the passageis…

What did the storymainly tellus?

The passage ismainly about…

What does the reportmainlytell us about…?

What does the first surveymainly tell us?

The best title for the passagewould/might be…

Which of the following state-ments best expresses themain ideaof the passage?

…等等

■应试技巧

1、利用间隔,预测内容

相关链接:

学会试题推断 高考英语听力训练要讲究策略

备考指南:高考英语听力技巧

备战2009:高考英语听力复习资料专题

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